When you experience facial pain radiating from your teeth and spreading up to your neck, followed for any obvious reason by headaches and soreness in the jaw, bruxism may be a potential cause.
The doctor will conduct a simple physical examination of the oral cavity to test for chipped or broken teeth, teeth indentations on the tongue, or bite marks on the inside of the lip, to make a definitive diagnosis.(9)
The doctor may also order x-rays to better determine the severity of the issue. The degree of the dental and skeletal damage caused by repetitive trauma can be identified by dental X rays.(10)
Although a general dentist can be a first approach for bruxism diagnosis, there are consultants such as dentists in oral medicine, oral surgeons, or orthodontists that may make specific diagnoses and offer advanced care.
Surgical intervention is needed in rare cases where the bruxism has caused damage to the temporomandibular joint.
1. Reding GR, Zepelin H, Robinson JE Jr, Zimmerman SO, Smith VH. Nocturnal teeth-grinding: all night psychophysiological studies. J Dent Res 1968;47: 786–97.
2. Faulkner K. Bruxism: a review of the literature. Part I. Aust Dent J 1990;35:266–76.
3. Faulkner K. Bruxism: a review of the literature. Part II. Aust Dent J 1990; 35: 355–61.
4. Lavigne GJ, Montplaisir J. Bruxism: epidemiology, diagnosis, pathophysiology, and pharmacology. In: Fricton JR, Dubner RB, editors. Orofacial pain and temporomandibular disorders. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 387–404.
5. Molin C. From bite to mind: TMD – a personal and literaturereview. Int J Prosthod 1999;12:279–88.